Although it has a small area, the Republic of Moldova as a tourist destination has a great potential represented first of all by the geomorphologic aspect of its territory – an unusual diversity of landscape reservations or scenery and unique geological monuments of European and world value.
Over the last decade the priority forms of tourism in the Republic of Moldova have been: rural, wine, cultural tourism, health and beauty Tourism.
Moldova’s agricultural and picturesque countryside proposes various services for tourists wishing to stay in the middle of the nature:
- offering the tourists traditional, rural-style accommodation;
- providing them the opportunity to enjoy country pursuits and activities;
- making them acquainted with the local folklore, entertainment and traditions;
- displaying handicrafts to the tourists and giving them the opportunity to participate in their production;
- offering handicrafts for purchase.
Vineyards also constitute attractions of the countryside. Over centuries Moldova has gained rich traditions of growing grapes and wine production. There are 142 wineries in the Republic of Moldova, of which 23 have experience and facilities to receive visitors. Here tourists can experience and learn about the complex production processes, see bottling and, of course, sample the final product. The Republic of Moldova’s wine enjoys a good reputation internationally for its quality.
As a wine country, the Republic of Moldova offers visitors opportunities to choose their favourite itineraries: underground cellars and towns, wine storage facilities, wine processing factories, production processes of sparkling wine, divin, heres, balsam, etc. Combined with the vineyards that surround them into the tourist route "The Wine Road in the Republic of Moldova", the wineries represent a substantial reason to visit the country. They are also means of promoting the Moldova’s best tourism product.
The Republic of Moldova has a rich cultural heritage which may be of great interest to tourists. 140 cultural heritage sites may be included in the tourist circuit. The earliest visible remains of the built heritage are Geto-Dacian sites and Roman fortifications. The remains of medieval fortresses, archaeological complexes such as Orheiul Vechi, cave monasteries, nobles’ mansions and peasant houses offer a diversity of visitor attractions. Chisinau, the capital city, features a good number of cultural heritage monuments, fine examples of domestic architecture from the 19th and 20th centuries, which might be considered as tourist attractions as well.
The Republic of Moldova has 87 museums with rich collections of art. Additionally, museums are mostly housed in buildings of a special architectural importance. All of these have their specialist audiences, but at least 20 are of interest to the general public.
Part of the national tourist product is the variety of cultures represented in different parts of the country. The Republic of Moldova is an amalgam of many nationalities and cultures with many traditions, languages, folklore, cooking, etc. There are over 880 folk music groups in the Republic of Moldova, most of them reflecting the distinct traditions of their districts and ethnic origins. It is worth mentioning the national craftsmanship both because of cultural value and also because it supplies souvenirs for tourists.
Health and Beauty Tourism
The existing balneoclimateric health resorts in the Republic of Moldova could become a substantial balneotherapeutic and tourist product internationally, provided that a proper infrastructure would be created.
The best premises in this regard have the “Bucuria-sind” health resort from Vadul lui Voda, “Codru” health resort from Hirjauca village, Calarasi district, and especially “Nufarul Alb” health resort from Cahul.
Tourist attractions from the Republic of Moldova:
Natural monuments: Prut Toltres, Natural unity “The Hundred Knolls”, "Emil Racovita" Cave, Taul Park
Reservations: “Padurea din Domneasca” Reservation, "Codrii" Reservation,
„Iagorlîc” Reservation, „Prutul de Jos” Reservation, „Plaiul Fagului” Reservation
Museums: "Alexei Mateevici" House & Museum, "Alexandr Pushkin" House & Museum, "Constantin Stamati" House & Museum, Igor Vieru House and Museum, Museum Complex "Old Orhei", National Museum of Ethnography and Natural History, National Archaeology and History Museum of Moldova, the Museum of Popular Art, National Gagauz history and ethnographic museum "Dumitru Cara-Ciobanu"
Сountry estates: "Zamfir Ralli-Arbore" Mansion, the Hunting Castle of Manuc Bei
Monasteries and Churches: Capriana Monastery, Hincu Monastery, Rudi Monastery, Saharna Monastery, Tipova Monastery, Curchi Monastery, Frumoasa Monastery, Cosauti Monastery, Japca Monastery, the Assumption of the Virgin Mary Church
Wineries: Cricova Winery, Milestii Mici Winery, Purcari Winery, Cojusna Winery.